The IBM company which gave the world a lot of innovations, published its latest annual outlook “5 in 5”, in which it tells about the possible development of computer technology in the next five years. The company presented the first such set of forecasts in 2006.
The present report is concentrated on five main human feelings. In this area, IBM suggests that computers will learn to identify the type of image, and to choose the specific objects on the set parameters.
For an example, the image of a beach is given: we want that the computer learned to understand that this is a beach when it is offered a photo or video. The set of similar images is loaded, the computer analyzes them, collects data on distribution of color, examples of textures and other technical information. After that the computer becomes capable to distinguish independently the images of a beach from the other ones. Following that it will become possible to specify more detailed information, such for example, as types of beach activity: game in volleyball, surfing, etc. Thus, on the basis of simple data the computer will be able to educate itself for the possibility of a full-fledged self-recognition.
Computers and mobile devices today have a basic knowledge of voice recognition, however, it is only the beginning. According to IBM, in the future they will be able, for example, to determine a person’s mood by the tone of his voice. Or recognize the cry of infants and its cause – the pain, the hunger, fatigue. Data are collected on the basis of the analysis of activity of the brain, heart and lungs.
Further, the company’s researchers predict that computers will gain a sense of taste. This will help them to recognize, for example, what kind of food ingredients give it a pleasant taste. This, in turn, will help to select a balanced mix of, for example, food and wine, or create a nutritious and tasty food at the same time. Computer systems can analyze the combination and interaction of chemical components at the atomic level. In social terms, the possibility of such computers can help fight against obesity and malnutrition.
Gas and smell analyzers already exist, but their development is also located on the entry level. Breathalyzers are very useful to combat alcoholism on the road, but still may be even more useful in definition of diseases at an early stage, such as cancer or kidney disease, according to the analysis of the breath. Further improvement of detection systems for explosives and drugs used in airports will also be necessary by the way. The analysis will be conducted at the molecular level by sensors embedded in devices, and self-learning algorithms of recognition data received from them.
Finally, the tactile sensations. They has already become a very noticeable part of today’s technology by providing feedback in video games or when typing. Further development will allow “touching” the purchases made through the computer, feel the fabric when choosing clothes and even conduct medical procedures remotely.
A more detailed description of the IBM forecasts you will be able to find on the official website of the company.